Dating the battle of carchemish
The Babylonian forces continued their march the next year and defeated Ruggulitu, ravaging the ancient Assyrian homeland. The hard-pressed Assyrians sent a message to Pharaoh-Necho of Egypt asking for military aid.Necho brought his troops and met Assur-urbalit at the former Hittite capital of Carchemish on the west bank of the Euphrates.JUDAH: Under Josiah, one of the most religious kings in their history, Judah was prospering.A great religious reformation included the reestablishment of the Passover sacrifices and the repair of the temple complex.But militarily Judah was not a strong power and had entered into a defense alliance with Egypt.This may be why Necho felt safe taking his soldiers overland for the 600-mile journey to Carchemish rather than using his fleet to get to the nearer port of Arvad.Rather than retreat, Necho engaged Josiah and the Jewish forces in battle on the plains of Megiddo.It was in this conflict that a random arrow hit Josiah and killed him.
It was not until the nineteenth century that the 103-mile long Suez Canal was actually built.
These battles climaxed a prolonged campaign of a new world force east of Mesopotamia as it became the dominant power in the entire middle east.
Mesopotamia, the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, had been dominated by the Babylonians since about the time of Abraham.
After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Neco [Neccho, KJV] king of Egypt came up to make war at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to engage him.--2 Chronicles (NAS)The battle of Carchemish changed the history of the world.
It began the fulfillment of one of the longest prophecies in the Bible--the reign of the four universal empires which both Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel saw in vision (Daniel 2 and 7)and introduced the "times of the Gentiles" (Luke ). The first concerned the death of good King Josiah (2 Chronicles 35); the second, less than four years later, was the famous Battle of Carchemish (Jeremiah 46) where Babylon became established as a world power.
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ASSYRIA: Assyria had the largest army in the world at the time largely because of universal conscription.